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High School: How the School Contributes to Citizen Formation

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Secondary School is a crucial stage in the formation of conscientious and responsible citizens. this stage, students begin their identity development and make decisions that will shape their future.

Therefore, the school plays a key role in promoting ethical values, developing critical thinking, and building social responsibility.

For this to happen, schools must adopt pedagogical strategies and practices that encourage critical reflection, information analysis, argumentation, and debate. 

Find out about some pedagogical strategies and practices that the school can carry out to contribute to the education of young people 

  • Stimulate critical thinking
  • Debate current and relevant topics
  • Promote interdisciplinarity
  • Develop empathy
  • Stimulate social engagement
  • Encourage reading and research
  • Valuing ethics and responsibility

Stimulate critical thinking

Critical thinking is fundamental for the formation of conscious and active citizens, capable of analyzing the reality in which they live and proposing solutions for the challenges faced by society.

The school must provide students with the opportunity to debate, analyze and reflect on different topics and issues, challenging them to think independently and develop their own opinions.

Debate current and relevant topics 

Students must be encouraged to discuss topics of social relevance such as the environment, human rights, diversity, and politics, among others. 

This discussion can be carried out in the classroom through debates, lectures, and interdisciplinary activities, such as research projects that help students develop the ability to understand different perspectives and respect divergent opinions.

Promote interdisciplinarity

Another important practice is the construction of interdisciplinary projects involving different areas of knowledge, which encourages creativity, cooperation, and a sense of social responsibility. 

Integrate different disciplines and contents, encouraging creativity and collaboration among students, encouraging teamwork and the search for creative solutions to the challenges faced by society.

Develop empathy 

For the practices mentioned above to be effective, educators and the entire school community must be engaged and committed to the integral formation of students from a global teaching perspective. 

So, it is important to have a school culture that values ethics, responsibility, dialogue, and respect for differences, encouraging students to understand different points of view and putting themselves in the other’s shoes, stimulating empathy and respect for diversity. 

Stimulate social engagement

Another point that can contribute significantly to the good formation of young people in secondary school is to engage them to participate in responsible projects that involve social and community actions, such as campaigns to collect food, clothes, toys, and other materials. This contributes to the formation of citizens committed to the community’s well-being.

Encourage reading and research

At this stage of life, students are constantly developing and formation of their values, worldviews, and cognitive skills.

The school can encourage curiosity and the search for knowledge by providing access to different sources of information, stimulating critical thinking and reflection on the topics studied. 

Reading and research can be done in different formats, such as books, articles, magazines, videos, and documentaries, among others. In addition, the school must offer support and guidance to students in carrying out these activities, developing research skills, selecting reliable sources, and organizing information.

By encouraging this practice, the school contributes to the formation of more critical, ethical, and responsible citizens, capable of analyzing and understanding different points of view and making decisions based on evidence and knowledge.

Value ethics and responsibility

In summary, secondary school is a decisive step in the formation of more critical, ethical, and responsible citizens. 

Schools play a key role in promoting ethical values, developing critical thinking, and building social responsibility.

For this, it is necessary to adopt pedagogical practices that encourage critical reflection, discussion of current issues, and the construction of interdisciplinary projects. In addition to a school culture committed to the integral formation of students, expanding career prospects, and contributing to their personal and professional development.

By valuing ethics and responsibility in the education of young people, at this stage as important as secondary school, the school contributes to the formation of more aware citizens committed to building a more just and egalitarian world, capable of acting ethically and responsibly in their personal and professional lives.

What is the role of educators and the school community in this training process?

Educators are responsible for creating an environment conducive to the development of essential skills and values in the formation of critical, ethical, and responsible citizens.

They must be able to identify the needs and potential of students, creating pedagogical strategies that encourage the development of critical thinking, creativity, reflective thinking, and the ability to solve problems.

Besides, educators need to be up-to-date about the educational changes that society has been going through in recent years. Thus, they can incorporate new methodologies and technologies in the classroom. 

These methodological applications stimulate students’ learning and motivation in an environment conducive to skills development and values that will be used in social experiences throughout their lives.

The school community, as a whole, must be involved in the educational process, contributing to the creation of a welcoming and stimulating environment for students. This includes the active participation of parents in their children’s school life, employee engagement in school activities and projects, and involvement of the local community in educational and cultural initiatives.

By working together, educators and the school community can promote a comprehensive education for young people in the important journey of secondary school, preparing them to face the challenges of the globalized and multicultural world in which we live.

How to develop an environment conducive to the formation of critical, ethical, and responsible young people?

Within this perspective, the school needs to adopt a pedagogical proposal that values the integral formation of students, encouraging the development of their socio-emotional and cognitive skills, as well as the strengthening of ethical and responsible values.

This includes access to different sources of information and educational technologies, as well as participation in cultural, sporting, and scientific activities.

Observing these characteristics, the school environment must be healthy and welcoming, favoring the integration between students and other professionals involved in the teaching-learning process. 

Finally, it is fundamental that the school adopts an active and critical posture about the challenges of contemporary society. 

What is the importance of secondary school in training for life?

Secondary school is a crucial phase in the formation of young people, contributing to the development of skills, values, and essential knowledge for adult life.

This phase prepares students for citizenship, teaching them about their rights and duties and encouraging involvement in community activities.

In addition, it helps with personal development by providing the opportunity to explore interests and passions, as well as developing social and emotional skills and a sense of independence and responsibility. 

Finally, it offers opportunities for developing academic and soft skills, which are essential for preparing for university or a future career.

St. Nicholas is a school that adopts the International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Program, which focuses on training students with a global and critical view, promoting empathy, respect for differences, and interculturality. 

This training is reinforced by a multicultural environment, qualified teachers, and advanced resources, preparing young people to become critical, ethical, and responsible citizens, able to study and work anywhere in the world.

Therefore, studying in an IB teaching model at an international school is an excellent option for students who want to develop these skills and prepare to face the challenges of today’s world.

Effective pedagogical strategies and practices implementation, together with the collaboration of the school community, is essential to create an environment conducive to the development of skills and reference values for young people in secondary school. 

Educators must take responsibility for guiding and motivating students to reach their full potential by promoting reflection and critical thinking. 

Everyone involved in the educational process must recognize the importance of secondary school and work together to provide a quality education for students. Thus, St. Nicholas presents this proposal of commitment to the education of his students, building a solid foundation from early childhood education to the completion of the important foundation for life in society, which is secondary school.

Meet St. Nicholas and discover the pedagogical practices and projects we have implemented to contribute to this goal. Join us in building a quality education that forms conscious citizens committed to society.

Schedule a visit and come be part of this transformation!

Learn about the International Baccalaureate Diploma Program at St. Nicholas!



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