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Family and School: An important relationship in the educational process

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The relationship between the family and the school plays a vital role in the educational process. This connection not only affects the academic performance of the students but also shapes their personal and social development.

In this article, we will explore the importance of this relationship and the crucial roles played by the family and the school in education.

Furthermore, we will discuss practical strategies to strengthen this relationship and the consequences of not having family participation in the student’s school life.

Lastly, get in touch with valuable tips for families who wish to actively get involved in the education of their children, guaranteeing a learning environment that is enriching and effective.

Understanding the role of the family and the school

Family and school are the two core pillars in the development of a child. Both play distinct roles that are equally important in the educational process.

Family is the first learning environment of a child. It is where values, beliefs, and initial behaviors are shaped.

Parents are their children’s first educators and have the responsibility to foster a stimulating environment that promotes curiosity and passion for learning. 

Besides, the family is responsible for providing emotional support and encouraging the development of social skills. 

Thus, the family must not only educate but also cultivate affective and cognitive relationships, offering perspectives on the world and indicating possible paths.

The school, is the place where formal education is provided. Educators play a crucial role in sharing knowledge and fostering academic skills. 

The school is responsible for teaching essential content, introducing new knowledge and developing skills, such as artistic or scientific skills, as a preparation for a complex and technological world. 

In addition to its educational role, the school must establish a partnership with the families, highlighting the importance of the active participation of the parents. This collaboration can be challenging, due to cultural differences and individual needs of each family, but is crucial. 

Besides, the school is a social environment where children interact with their classmates, learn to collaborate, and develop important skills for life. Therefore, it is ideal that the whole school community work together to participate in this collective educational process. 

What is the importance of the relationship between family and school?

The importance of the relationship between family and school lies in the need to establish a partnership that values ​​collaboration and flexibility to accommodate the individual needs of each student.

This positive relationship between family and school is a determining factor in the academic success of children, creating a more enriching and effective educational environment, where the joint commitment of both parties is fundamental to achieving this objective.

This relationship between family and school is crucial, as both parties can complement and strengthen children’s education.

Some benefits of this relationship include:

  • Increased motivation
  • Whole development
  • Better academic development
  • Decreased behavioral issues

When there is effective collaboration, the learning environment becomes more enriching and productive. In this way, when the family and school work together, the student realizes that their academic success is valued by both parties, which increases their motivation to learn.

Cooperation between family and school helps to ensure that children’s development is comprehensive, encompassing both academic, emotional, and social aspects. From this perspective, studies show that students who have the support of their families tend to obtain better academic results.

Furthermore, effective communication between family and school can help identify and approach behavioral issues at an early stage, fostering a more harmonious school environment.

How can the family maintain a good relationship with the school?

To cultivate a constructive relationship with the school, the family can incorporate simple practices into their daily routine. Here are some suggestions:

Open communication

Be available to communicate with teachers and school administration. Attend parent-teacher conferences and be open to receiving feedback.

Active involvement

Participate in school activities, such as events, fairs, and extracurricular activities. Volunteer whenever possible.

Supporting learning at home

Be involved in your children’s education, helping with homework, and providing a suitable environment for studying.

Building partnership

Develop a respectful partnership with educators, recognizing that you both have the student’s best interest in mind.

Defining clear expectations

Communicate your expectations and educational values to the school, in a way that everyone can work together towards shared goals. 

What are the consequences of a lack of family participation in the school process?

The lack of family participation in the school environment can have different negative consequences, both in the academic development and personal and social development of the children. This can result in:

  • Demotivation: when children feel the school is separate from their family life, they can become demotivated and not interested in learning. 
  • Behavioral issues: the lack of support and supervision from the families can lead to behavioral issues at school. 
  • Social isolation: the lack of parental involvement can make children feel isolated, negatively affecting their social interactions.
  • Weaker academic performance: Studies indicate that parental involvement is correlated with better academic results. Lack of this engagement can result in poorer academic performance.

Therefore, it is essential to establish a constructive partnership between family and school, in which both parties understand their roles and work together to promote children’s growth and success.

10 basic tips on how families can participate in school education

Here are a few practical tips for families who wish to actively involve themselves in their children’s education:

  1. Maintain a study schedule

Establish a regular schedule for studying and doing homework, creating an environment that is suitable for learning at home. 

  1. Participate in school meetings

Attend parent-teacher conferences to meet teachers to discuss your child’s academic progress and resolve potential issues.

It is important to attend, to stay informed and also to meet the families of your children’s classmates, strengthening ties within the school community.

  1. Foment reading

Actively encourage a passion for reading at home by providing a variety of age-appropriate books.

Additionally, participate in family reading activities, such as reading aloud, creating a home book club, or discussing the stories each family member is reading.

This practice not only improves your child’s reading skills but also strengthens family ties through sharing stories.

  1. Be aware of emotional needs

Demonstrating sensitivity and empathy toward your child’s emotional needs is crucial. Be available to listen, support, and guide your child when they face emotional challenges. 

Open communication and understanding of their emotions contribute to the healthy development of their self-esteem and resilience. 

  1. Be a positive model

Children frequently mirror their parents’ behavior, so show enthusiasm for learning and personal growth.

Show interest in learning new things, solve problems constructively, and value education as an ongoing journey. Your positive example can inspire your child to become an enthusiastic learner. 

  1. Participate in school activities

Getting actively involved in school activities and events is a valuable way to strengthen the relationship between your family and the educational institution.

Attend parent meetings, school events, and presentations, and be present at your child’s extracurricular activities. This demonstrates your support for the school environment and your child’s education.

  1. Set clear goals

Collaborate with the school to set specific educational goals for your child, considering their progress and challenges. 

Regularly monitor your child’s academic development and be willing to adjust goals as necessary to ensure your child reaches their full potential.

  1. Keep communication open

Always be available to discuss any concerns, questions, or problems with your child’s school and teachers.

Maintaining an open and respectful line of communication is crucial to solving educational issues effectively and ensuring your child’s well-being at school.

  1. Promote respect for education

Help your child comprehend the importance of education in their life and future. Highlight how learning is a path to achieve personal goals and dreams, encouraging your child to value education as a means of growth and opportunities.

  1.  Be an active partner

Actively collaborate with the child to create a positive and productive learning environment for your child. 

Work closely with teachers and school administrators, providing support and resources whenever possible to enrich the educational experience of your child. This shows your commitment to education and contributes to your child’s success in school. 


In short, the relationship between family and school plays a crucial role in the educational process. When both work together, children have a more enriching learning environment that positively impacts their academic performance and personal development. The lack of family participation can have significant consequences.

Explore St. Nicholas School’s commitment to self-assessment in the learning process, training independent, reflective, and committed students.

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  • St Nicholas

    St. Nicholas School is a school with an international education with the aim of developing responsible, confident and caring citizens. Teaching students to ask the right questions, to get to the right places for them. You can find St. Nicholas School in Pinheiros and Alphaville.